Healthy Gums, Healthy Smile: How To Treat Gum Recession

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How To Treat Gum Recession
How To Treat Gum Recession

Gum recession is a common dental problem that occurs when the gum tissue surrounding the teeth pulls away, exposing more of the tooth or its root. This condition can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, aggressive brushing, periodontal disease, and even the aging process. Although gum recession is a common condition, it can also be concerning because it can lead to tooth sensitivity, increased risk of tooth decay, and a less attractive smile.

It’s important to be proactive in treating gum recession as it can lead to more serious dental problems if left untreated. Here is a comprehensive guide on how to treat gum recession.

Understanding the Causes of Gum Recession

Gum recession is often caused by a combination of factors, including genetics, poor oral hygiene, and periodontal disease. In some cases, it may also be caused by the aging process, as the gums naturally recede as we get older.

Additionally, aggressive brushing or using a toothbrush with hard bristles can cause gum recession. This is because the pressure from brushing can damage the gum tissue, causing it to pull away from the tooth.

How To Treat Gum Recession

Non-Surgical Treatments

The first step in treating gum recession is to improve your oral hygiene. This includes brushing your teeth twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, flossing regularly, and using an antiseptic mouthwash to control plaque and prevent further gum recession.

It’s also important to modify your brushing technique. Brushing too hard or using a toothbrush with hard bristles can cause gum recession, so it’s essential to use a gentle technique and a toothbrush with soft bristles.

In addition to improving your oral hygiene, you may also want to consider using a toothpaste designed for sensitive teeth. This type of toothpaste can help alleviate the discomfort associated with gum recession by reducing tooth sensitivity.

Surgical Treatments

If non-surgical treatments are not sufficient to treat your gum recession, your dentist may recommend a surgical procedure. Some of the most common surgical treatments include:

  • Soft Tissue Grafts: In this procedure, your dentist will take tissue from the roof of your mouth and transplant it to the affected area to cover the exposed tooth root and improve the appearance of your gums. This procedure can also help to thicken the gum tissue, making it less likely to recede in the future.
  • Connective Tissue Grafts: This is similar to a soft tissue graft, but instead of using tissue from the roof of your mouth, the surgeon will remove a small amount of tissue from under the existing gum tissue and sew it over the exposed root. This procedure is often used to treat more severe cases of gum recession.
  • Pinhole Surgical Technique (PST): The PST is a minimally invasive procedure that can be used to treat gum recession without the need for traditional grafting. In this procedure, a tiny pinhole is made in the gum tissue, and special instruments are used to loosen and reposition the gum tissue over the exposed root. This procedure is less invasive and typically results in less postoperative discomfort than traditional gum grafting.

It’s essential to follow your dentist’s instructions for aftercare following a gum recession treatment. This may include avoiding certain foods or activities, using special mouthwash, and keeping the treated area clean. Regular follow-up appointments with your dentist will also be necessary to monitor your progress and ensure the best possible outcome.

Additional Tips To Prevent Gum Recession

  • Maintaining Good Oral Hygiene: Good oral hygiene is essential for maintaining healthy gums and preventing gum recession from reoccurring. This includes brushing your teeth twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, flossing regularly, and using an antiseptic mouthwash. Additionally, regular dental check-ups and cleanings are important to detect and treat any signs of gum recession or other oral health problems in their early stages. It’s also essential to quit smoking, as smoking is a major risk factor for gum disease and gum recession. If you’re a smoker, quitting is one of the best things you can do for your oral health and overall well-being.
  • Making Lifestyle Changes: In addition to maintaining good oral hygiene, it’s also important to make healthy lifestyle choices. A balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals can help support your overall oral health and reduce your risk of gum recession and other dental problems. Regular exercise is also important for maintaining good oral health, as it can improve circulation and help keep your gums healthy. Additionally, stress reduction techniques, such as meditation or yoga, can help reduce the risk of gum disease and gum recession.


Gum recession is a common dental problem, but it can also be concerning due to its potential impact on your oral health and appearance. By following a comprehensive treatment plan and making healthy lifestyle choices, you can help treat and prevent gum recession, maintain a healthy smile, and avoid more serious dental problems in the future. If you are experiencing signs of gum recession, it’s important to schedule an appointment with your dentist to discuss your options and receive the proper treatment.

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