How To Treat Gum Diseases Successfully
Gum diseases, also known as periodontal diseases, are common dental problems that affect many people around the world. They are caused by the buildup of bacteria on the teeth and gums, which can lead to inflammation and damage to the tissues and bone that support the teeth. If left untreated, gum diseases can result in tooth loss, as well as other critical health problems such as heart disease and stroke. Here is the complete review that helps you know the causes, symptoms and how to treat gum diseases successfully.
Causes of Gum Diseases
- Poor Oral Hygiene: Poor oral hygiene, such as not brushing and flossing regularly, can lead to the buildup of plaque and tartar on teeth, which can cause gum diseases. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth and gums, and if it is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar, which can only be removed by a dental professional.
- Tobacco Use: Smoking or chewing tobacco can increase the risk of gum diseases. Tobacco use can weaken the immune system and make it harder for the body to fight off infections.
- Genetics: Some people are more genetically predisposed to gum diseases than others. If your family has a history of gum diseases, you may be more likely to develop the condition.
- Certain Medications: Certain medications can reduce saliva flow, which can make it easier for bacteria to grow in the mouth. Some medications used to treat high blood pressure and seizures can also cause gum overgrowth, which can make it harder to keep teeth clean.
- Hormonal Changes: Hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can make gums more sensitive and prone to inflammation. This is why pregnant women are at a higher risk of developing gum diseases.
Symptoms Of Gum Diseases
- Red, swollen, or tender gums
- Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing
- Bad breath
- Receding gums or teeth that appear longer than normal
- Loose teeth
- Changes in the way teeth fit together when biting
Common Types Of Gum Diseases
- Gingivitis: This is the mildest form of gum disease and occurs when plaque and bacteria accumulate on the teeth and gums, causing inflammation and swelling. Symptoms include red, swollen, and bleeding gums, but there is no bone loss at this stage. Gingivitis can be reversed with good oral hygiene and professional cleanings.
- Periodontitis: This is a more advanced form of gum disease that occurs when gingivitis is left untreated. The bacteria and toxins in plaque start to damage the gums and other tissues that support the teeth, causing them to pull away from the teeth and form pockets. Over time, the pockets become deeper, and the bone and connective tissue holding the teeth in place start to deteriorate. Symptoms include bleeding gums, bad breath, receding gums, loose teeth, and changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.
- Aggressive Periodontitis: This is a rare but severe form of gum disease that occurs in otherwise healthy individuals. It usually affects young adults and can cause rapid bone loss and tooth loss if left untreated. Symptoms include severe inflammation, deep pockets, and rapid progression of bone and tissue loss.
- Necrotizing Periodontal Disease: This is a rare but serious form of gum disease that usually occurs in people with a weakened immune system. It causes the death of gum tissue, leading to painful ulcers and deep pockets that can destroy bone and tissue. Symptoms include severe pain, bleeding gums, bad breath, and gum recession.
- Gum abscesses: These are pus-filled pockets that form in the gums due to infection. They can cause pain, swelling, and inflammation, and may need to be drained and treated with antibiotics.
How To Treat Gum Diseases
The treatment of gum diseases depends on the severity of the condition. In the early stages of gum diseases, the dentist may recommend a professional cleaning to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth and gums. This is also known as scaling and root planning and involves cleaning the teeth and gums to remove any bacteria that may be present.
In more advanced cases of gum diseases, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged tissue or bone, and to regenerate lost bone or gum tissue. Gum surgery can involve procedures such as pocket reduction surgery, bone grafts, and soft tissue grafts.
Prevention Of Gum Diseases
Prevention is the best way to avoid gum diseases. This can be done by maintaining good oral hygiene habits, including brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and using an antibacterial mouthwash. Regular dental checkups and cleanings are also important to ensure that any problems are caught early on.
Quitting smoking or using tobacco products can also help prevent gum diseases, as can eating a balanced diet and managing stress. It is important to note that gum diseases can affect anyone, regardless of age or gender, so it is important to be aware of the symptoms and take steps to prevent them.
In conclusion, gum diseases are serious dental conditions that can lead to tooth loss and other health problems. However, they are preventable and treatable with good oral hygiene habits, regular dental checkups, and proper treatment. If you suspect you may have gum diseases, it is important to see a dentist or periodontist for an evaluation and appropriate treatment.
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